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Greenhouse gases

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Poland contributes to the activities towards climate change mitigation undertaken by the international community – as a signatory to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change since 1994 and to the Kyoto Protocol – since 2002. In the first commitment period under the Kyoto Protocol, Poland committed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in 2008–2012 by 6%, compared to the base year. In the second commitment period, established in the Doha Amendment, the European Union, its Member States and Iceland committed to reduce their average annual greenhouse gas emissions in the years 2013–2020 under the joint fulfilment of commitments. The common reduction target was expressed as a commitment to achieve average annual emissions of 80% of the total emissions of all countries in the base years. 

According to the provisions of Article 4.6 of the UNFCCC and decision 9/CP.2 Poland uses 1988 as the base year for the estimation and reporting of GHG inventories for the main gases (CO2, CH4 and N2O). Different base years have been established for other groups of gases: 1995 for HFCs, PFCs and sulphur hexafluoride (SF6) and 2000 for the nitrogen trifluoride (NF3).

 

Emissions of greenhouse gases by sector, in natural units (without conversion into CO2 equivalents) are presented in the table below.

2016

kt

CO2

CH4

N2O

National total

(excluding sector 4.LULUCF)

321 182,01

1 844,37

65,38

National total

(including sector 4.LULUCF)

291 962,85

1 846,17

69,48

1. Energy

300 758,37

935,10

8,06

A. Fuel combustion

297 392,18

152,46

8,05

B. Fugitive emission from fuels

3 366,19

782,64

0,002

2. Industrial processes and product use

18 595,39

2,04

3,26

3. Agriculture

1 040,09

555,20

50,81

4. Land use, land use change and forestry

-29 219,16

1,79

4,10

5. Waste

788,15

352,03

3,25

 

Reports:

The detailed results of the GHG emission inventory together with the methodology for their estimation are presented in the National Inventory Report 2018 (NIR) and the CRF tables available below.